The impact of humans on the environment can have dramatic consequences on the spread of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs).
In a commentary “Malaria, mangroves, and migration: challenges for small island developing states in the Caribbean” published in The British Medical Journal Opinion (BMJ opinion) on 13 November 2020, Dr Ryan S Mohammed and Prof. Cock van Oosterhout draw the links between coastal ecosystem erosion, the reintroduction of the mosquito vector that transmits malaria, and human migration. The authors argue that political unrest may contribute to infectious disease outbreaks in the Caribbean archipelago. Trinidad and Tobago used to be malaria free countries for decades, which is currently threatened by deterioration of the habitat, and reintroduction of the malaria pathogen and its mosquito vector. The article was commissioned by The BMJ for the World Innovation Summit for Health (WISH) 2020, and can be found under this link: https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2020/11/13/malaria-mangroves-and-migration-challenges-for-small-island-developing-states-in-the-caribbean/